The majority of Human Trafficking cases are examples of government over-reach. Follow the money and it becomes self-explanatory

                                                                                         










                                                                                          

                                                                               



























    Expertise of Robert P. Royce


  • Court Qualified Expert in Human Trafficking:
    • California Superior Courts
    • Court-appointed Expert in United States District Court
  • Expert Panel Maricopa County Arizona Public Defense Services
  • Expert Panel San Diego County Office of Assigned Counsel
  • Los Angeles County Superior Court Investigator Panel - Specialist with Human Trafficking Investigations
  • U.C. Irvine School of Law / Criminal Justice Program -contract investigator for the Pro Bono Program

PROFIT DRIVEN ENFORCEMENT

Follow the Money

Consider a bench trail - Avoid the emotional aspect involved in the case

Most of us simply call them Gorilla Pimps

Bringing Balance to the Courtroom


Stop Wrongful Convictions

Jurisdictions Expert

Opinion Rendered


  • United States District Court
  • Los Angeles County
  • San Diego County
  • Orange County
  • Maricopa County (AZ)
  • Santa Clara County
  • Sonoma County
  • Santa Barbara County

                                                                                  SAMPLE  -   ARGUMENT ISSUES FOR SDT SUBPOENA HEARING
                                                                                                   



(OVC: Office for Victims of Crime - DOJ)
(BJA: Bureau of Justice Assistance - DOJ)
(OJP: Office of Justice Programs - DOJ)

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Law Enforcement Expert & Investigator BIAS
Profit Driven Enforcement Action


“The State of Human Trafficking in California” (CA AG’s office):  “The state’s regional task forces 
has a unique scope, some focus largely on sex trafficking. This form of human trafficking tends to have a higher profile in the public eye, as well as greater investigative funding opportunities, than other forms of modern slavery”. 


The LAPD acceptS federal grant money. Under the grant agreement, all minor prostitutes are to be considered human trafficking victims. Under CA law, specific elements must be proven before a minor jump from being a victim of “pimping of a minor” to a victim of human trafficking. The acceptance of federal grant money forces the lesser offense to be ignored by law enforcement.Creates an enforcement Bias If LAPD does not comply with the requirements set forth in the grant agreement, the government may have the grant money stopped and not qualify for future grants. Creates an enforcement Bias

The acceptance of federal grant money by LAPD coerce the police investigators and experts to come to a biased opinion on how to interpret the fact pattern of a human trafficking investigation.

If arrests and prosecution decrease the grant money could be denied the following year. Creates an enforcement Bias

Under the federal grant program, the LAPD is required to report the number of human trafficking investigations opened. Creates an enforcement Bias (No Type your paragraph here. requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

Under the federal grant program, the LAPD is required to report the percent of investigations resulting in arrests of individuals involved in human trafficking. Creates an enforcement Bias - (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

Under the federal grant program, the LAPD is required to report 
percent of arrests resulting in individuals charged with human trafficking Creates an enforcement Bias (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

Under the federal grant program, the LAPD is required to report the percent of prosecutions resulting in a case disposition of guilty or a plea agreement. Creates an enforcement Bias (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

Under the federal grant program, the LAPD is required to report the number of individuals confirmed as victims of human trafficking. (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

Under the federal grant program, the LAPD is required to report the number of victims served Creates an enforcement Bias (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

“Note that BJA grant recipients will be required to submit quarterly performance metrics through BJA’s online Performance Measurement Tool (PMT), located at www.bjaperformancetools.org, and semi-annual progress reports in GMS. OVC grantees funded under this program will be required to submit semi-annual performance metrics through the Trafficking Information Management System (TIMS) and semi-annual progress reports in 
GMS. 

“Under this program, a victim of trafficking is defined as a person who has been subjected to a “severe form of trafficking in persons,” which, as defined in U.S.C. § 7102(9),
means: a. sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or OVC-2017-11575 b. the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.”  


“The human trafficking task force will make data-driven decisions based on a shared understanding of the prevalence, scope, and nature of human trafficking within the target geographic area”  

“Note: OVC funding may not be used for criminal defense services”

CA State grant requirement: “Increase the number of individuals identified as victims of human trafficking. Indicate the estimated number of human trafficking victims who will be provided assistance and offered comprehensive services”  (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).

“However, OVC and BJA may, under certain circumstances, provide supplemental funding, in future years, to awards under this solicitation. Important considerations in decisions regarding supplemental funding include, among other factors, the availability of funding, strategic priorities, assessment of the quality of the management of the award (for example, history of success in meeting administrative requirements of the award), and assessment of the progress of the work funded under the award”. Creates an enforcement Bias (No requirements for traditional pimping enforcement).


 Two Investigation Methods


Officers use only two methods while investigating a Human Trafficking case.


1. Evidence Based

  • Collect Corroborating evidence and corroborating witness statements.
  • Strong Fact Pattern


2. Opinion Based (Most common)

  • Exculpatory Evidence Disappears
  • Exculpatory leads are ignored
  • Weak Fact Pattern
  • Incomplete investigation
  • Focus on finding Guilt and not the truth.
  • Linkage Blindness


 Human Trafficking Expert / Vice Detective 

“Prostitution is like a drug, if you don’t treat it, guess what, you're going right back to it. Why? Because the money's fast and the lifestyle is attractive. Girls on the track you get to talk to your wifey’s and hoe-socializing. The people, the environment, in the hotels getting high and partying and having a good time”

LAW ENFORCEMENT MOTIVE FOR

 CHARGING HUMAN TRAFFICKING


In 2013 the U.S.D.O.J. starting offering grant money to local Law enforcement for the enforcement of Human Trafficking.


The U.S.D.O.J. has a 58-page grant agreement local L.E. must sign to start getting the grant money. Part of the money is then distributed to the local Prosecutor's office (this is known as a sub-grantee)


Once the LE agency accepts the money (this includes all sub-grantees) the accepting agency must comply with the contract. The grant contract for all LE in the United Stated states the L.E. agency must enforce the Human Trafficking laws according to the federal law, which states all pimping of minors shall be prosecuted as human trafficking regardless of state laws.


This grant takes away all discretion from local L.E. and prosecutors from how to charge a criminal defendant.

Agencies / Groups Training provided


  • Orange Co. Pub. Def Office
  • San Bernardino Pub Def Office
  • LA County Court Panel of Investigators
  • Professional Investigators of California Assoc.
  • Los Angeles Co. Bar Assoc.
  • W. Orange County Bar Assoc.
  • N.A.A.C.P.
  • Los Angeles Co. Public Defender's - Compton Office



The benefits received from my services


  • I provide information to assist you at trial. 
  • An unbiased complete opinion.
  • I help you develop questions to ask the investigating officer, police expert and each individual victim.
  • I will assist the trier of fact with understanding that lifestyle and environment can be the cause and reason the person began prostituting. It not always a third person responsible, never blame the victim.
  • Educate the trier of fact on the differences between a pimp and a human trafficker.
  • Explain the phase sequences occurring during a trafficking event
  • Explain the importance with understanding how isolation and control work hand in hand with traffickers.
  • I can explain how to measure if the intent to maintain the violation was accomplished.






















Defense Investigation Group, Inc.

Dedicated to the Prevention of Wrongful Convictions